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Daniel Chapter 9
Based on the American Standard Version of 1901
Concise PRESENTATION NOTES
by Charles Dailey

(Black underlined words match words in the Bible text.)
1) In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes, who was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans, Events of this chapter were about one year after the last vision. Butler places it in 538 B.C. Matthew Henry thinks this happened before the lion's den event.
2) in the first year of his reign I, Daniel, understood by the books the number of the years whereof the word of Jehovah came to Jeremiah the prophet, for the accomplishing of the desolations of Jerusalem, even seventy years. Daniel was a busy prime-minister, but had time to study God's Word. Such an example!
- books. Daniel had separate scrolls of the prophets. Daniel the prophet was not reluctant to consult another prophet.
- God had driven Israel out of their land for not keeping the Sabbatical year. Leviticus 26:34, 2 Chron. 36:21.
- See Jeremiah 25;11,12; 29:10. The vocabulary here is similar.
- Paul Butler dates the beginning of the 70 years with the capture of Jerusalem in 606 B.C. The time was about up.
3) And I set my face unto the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting and sackcloth and ashes. Did Daniel look toward Jerusalem? That was part of the lion's den charges. His whole being was focused on God. Note that his attire matched his focus.
4) And I prayed unto Jehovah my God, and made confession, and said, Oh, Lord, the great and dreadful God, who keepeth covenant and lovingkindness with them that love him and keep his commandments, Nearly perfect Daniel does not pray for them, he prays for us. He includes himself with his countrymen.
- keepeth covenant. Israel had not kept covenant with the Lord.
5) we have sinned, and have dealt perversely, and have done wickedly, and have rebelled, even turning aside from thy precepts and from thine ordinances; The Message: "Yet we have sinned in every way imaginable. We've done evil things, rebelled, dodged and taken detours around your clearly marked paths."
- Daniel is clear that the sin was purposeful.
6) neither have we hearkened unto thy servants the prophets, that spake in thy name to our kings, our princes, and our fathers, and to all the people of the land. 2 Chronicles 36:16 summarizes Israel's treatment of the prophets that God had sent to warn them.
- The failure was not maladjustment, lack of education or any other excuse from the pop-psychology manual. It was sin and the nation had to repent. 9:8.
7) O Lord, righteousness belongeth unto thee, but unto us confusion of face, as at this day; to the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and unto all Israel, that are near, and that are far off, through all the countries whither thou hast driven them, because of their trespass that they have trespassed against thee. Daniel acknowledges that God is right in keeping his warnings such as in Deuteronomy 28.
- Confusion of face is shame. So in The Message and Living Prophecies.
- far off probably refers to those still in Assyria. They had been in captivity for about 200 years.
- Daniel does not lay the dispersion of Israel to military weakness, but to the power of God to punish sin.
8) O Lord, to us belongeth confusion of face, to our kings, to our princes, and to our fathers, because we have sinned against thee. The Message reads: "Oh yes, GOD, we've been exposed in our shame, all of us--our kings, leaders, parents--before the whole world. And deservedly so, because of our sin."
 
9) To the Lord our God belong mercies and forgiveness; for we have rebelled against him; God's mercy and forgiveness is shown in even dealing with Israel.
10) neither have we obeyed the voice of Jehovah our God, to walk in his laws, which he set before us by his servants the prophets. When Israel did not follow the Law of Moses in later generations, God sent prophets to call them to obedience. But they did not heed.
11) Yea, all Israel have transgressed thy law, even turning aside, that they should not obey thy voice: therefore hath the curse been poured out upon us, and the oath that is written in the law of Moses the servant of God; for we have sinned against him. The Message of Deut. 29:20: "GOD won't let him off the hook. GOD's anger and jealousy will erupt like a volcano against that person. The curses written in this book will bury him. GOD will delete his name from the records. 21 GOD will separate him out from all the tribes of Israel for special punishment, according to all the curses of the Covenant written in this Book of Revelation."
12) And he hath confirmed his words, which he spake against us, and against our judges that judged us, by bringing upon us a great evil; for under the whole heaven hath not been done as hath been done upon Jerusalem. The confirmation of God's word spoken in Deuteronomy is seen in the great calamity that has befallen Jerusalem.
- No other nation in history has suffered the degradation heaped on Israel. See comment below.
13) As it is written in the law of Moses, all this evil is come upon us: yet have we not entreated the favor of Jehovah our God, that we should turn from our iniquities, and have discernment in thy truth. The writings of Moses are clearly the word of God.
- Paul Butler writes: Just one illustration of such unparalleled degradation is in Deut. 28:53-57 where it is predicted that as a consequence of disobedience to God's law the covenant people will actually be driven to eat the flesh of their own children! It was fulfilled literally in 1 Kings 6:24-31 for Israel and in Jeremiah 19:9 for Judah! God means what He says!
14) Therefore hath Jehovah watched over the evil, and brought it upon us; for Jehovah our God is righteous in all his works which he doeth, and we have not obeyed his voice.
 
15) And now, O Lord our God, that hast brought thy people forth out of the land of Egypt with a mighty hand, and hast gotten thee renown, as at this day; we have sinned, we have done wickedly. Daniel begins his entreaty to God.
- He speaks of history: God has saved his people from Egypt, but this bondage is also because of the nation's sin.
16) O Lord, according to all thy righteousness, let thine anger and thy wrath, I pray thee, be turned away from thy city Jerusalem, thy holy mountain; because for our sins, and for the iniquities of our fathers, Jerusalem and thy people are become a reproach to all that are round about us. Request #1 is for Jerusalem.
- Daniel is concerned that the nation has not sufficiently repented for God to send them back to Jerusalem. Daniel asks that God's wrath be turned away from thy city Jerusalem. Later, in verse 24, Gabriel will call it Daniel's city.
- The Message: "We know it's our fault that this has happened, all because of our sins and our parents' sins, and now we're an embarrassment to everyone around us. We're a blot on the neighborhood. 17 So listen, God, to this determined prayer of your servant. Have mercy on your ruined Sanctuary. Act out of who you are, not out of what we are."
17) Now therefore, O our God, hearken unto the prayer of thy servant, and to his supplications, and cause thy face to shine upon thy sanctuary that is desolate, for the Lord's sake. Request #2 is for the sanctuary - the temple.
- Daniel's impassioned prayer was answered. He had been in Babylon for 68 years. He must have been in his 80s.
18) O my God, incline thine ear, and hear; open thine eyes, and behold our desolations, and the city which is called by thy name: for we do not present our supplications before thee for our righteousness, but for thy great mercies' sake. Daniel prays the same prayer in several ways, asking God to make the requested changes, not because Israel was worthy, but to demonstrate his great mercy toward his people.
19) O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive; O Lord, hearken and do; defer not, for thine own sake, O my God, because thy city and thy people are called by thy name. The Message: "Master, listen to us! Master, forgive us! Master, look at us and do something! Master, don't put us off! Your city and your people are named after you: You have a stake in us!"
 
20) And while I was speaking, and praying, and confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my supplication before Jehovah my God for the holy mountain of my God; Daniel's impassioned prayer was answered almost instantly. God responds to some prayer with a "no" and to some with a different time schedule than we have. But Daniel did not have to wait to learn about God's plan for Israel.
21) yea, while I was speaking in prayer, the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the evening oblation. Gabriel had been introduced in 8:16.
- This angel was like a man, but could fly. Perhaps he had just arrived from the throne of God.
- Touched to get his attention.
- This was an evening visitation from Gabriel. (3 pm)
22) And he instructed me, and talked with me, and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to give thee wisdom and understanding. Daniel was already gifted with wisdom and understanding. 1:20. God was going to add more.
23) At the beginning of thy supplications the commandment went forth, and I am come to tell thee; for thou art greatly beloved: therefore consider the matter, and understand the vision. God provided a glimpse of the future to Gabriel at the very beginning of Daniel's prayer time. This brought Gabriel to Daniel's side.
- It is remarkable that Daniel is greatly loved by God.
- Even with the plans for the future Jerusalem and the temple, it takes consideration to understand the answer.
 
24) Seventy weeks are decreed upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most holy. Israel had been captive for 70 years. Now a period of seventy sevens (heptads) is in their future and the future of Jerusalem, the holy city. Matthew 27:53.
- to finish transgression. Israel is sinning and will bring it to culmination within the 70 weeks. Matthew 23:32.
- to make an end of sins. To seal up sin.
- reconciliation. These last two phrases point to the work of the Messiah. Romans 1:16,17.
25) Know therefore and discern, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the anointed one, the prince, shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: it shall be built again, with street and moat, even in troublous times. There were several such commandments. See Ezra 1:1-8; 6:14; 7:11. It seems that the timing given here works best with the one in 7:11. See chart on the next page.
- The anointed one appears only here and in Psalm 2:2. This is the word for Christ (Messiah) that appears in the New Testament. He is also a prince. Acts 3:15.
- Two successive blocks of time are given, seven weeks followed by 62 weeks. The first one relates to the rebuilding of Jerusalem.
26) And after the threescore and two weeks shall the anointed one be cut off, and shall have nothing: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and even unto the end shall be war; desolations are determined. After the second block of time, the Messiah is to be cut off speaks of violent death. Isaiah 53:8.
- shall have nothing meaning he will die without children.
- The people of the prince that shall come (General Titus) shall destroy the rebuilt city and the rebuilt temple. There will be a great war, but the outcome has been settled in heaven. See Jesus at: Luke 21:20; 23:28;
- A flood in figurative language is an army. Isaiah 8:7-8
- Jesus referred to this verse in Matthew 24:15.
27) And he shall make a firm covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease; and upon the wing of abominations shall come one that maketh desolate; and even unto the full end, and that determined, shall wrath be poured out upon the desolate. Jesus used the week to define and confirm a new covenant. In the first part of the week he confirmed the covenant and in the second part he supervised the invitation for the lost to be a part of the covenant. Heb.10:4-9.
- The death of Jesus was in the midst of the final seven year period.
- This other prince will make Jerusalem desolate and it will have a full end. All Jews were removed and not allowed to view the location for more than 30 years. The end of the world is not in view.
- These choices have already been determined in heaven. God's wrath is certain.
The Next Chapter 
The questions raised in Daniel 9 are of extreme importance to believers now. The ancient view of the church is approximately the same as the one that I have set forth in the diagram at the top of the page. There is some variation about the ending point of the last 3 years, but we are not aware of any early writers who believed in a gap such as the diagram directly above.

Much of the popular view based on the gap theory ignores reasonable explanations that have been long held.It substitutes teaching that ignores the presence of the church and looks for the return of Christ, in some cases to lead Israel.

There may be financial reasons, too. Once I was in the bookstore business. A publisher shipped, without permission, a display full of a title that said the end of the world was coming on August 30. The display also included instructions on how to ship back the unsold books in September.

Dr. Tim LaHaye, co-author of the Left Behind series has 20 million books of that series in print. He gave $4.5 million dollars to Liberty University in 2001.

This premillenial makes for lots of uncertainty and anxiety among its adherents. These are reflected in the sales of speculative materials about the end times, much like the popularity of non-Christian systems that claim to foretell the future. - Charles Dailey

 

Excerpts are from Fred P. Miller's book, Revelation: a Panorama of the Gospel Age

9:24 Seventy weeks are determined upon your people and upon your holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.

Seventy weeks: 70 times 7 or 490 years. This prophecy is a key to other time prophecies. A day equals a year in prophetic language. Thus this prophecy is to be accomplished in 490 years. Daniel's prayer concerning the 70 years is answered; however the angel gave him details of the city beyond his request.

The things to be accomplished: The first three items, i.e., to end sin, to finish transgression, and make reconciliation for iniquity, must point to the cross. The next two point to the completion of the things to be revealed: that is, bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, i.e., the events that complete revelation in the New Testament; and finally the anointing points to the Messiah. These generally longed-for events, including the coming of the Messiah, are to be within the 490 years. More specific breakdown of the 490 years follows.

9:25 Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.

The commandment to restore Jerusalem: Which commandment? The commandment to Cyrus was in 536 B.C. Ezra was sent in 456 B.C. Usher places the decree to send Nehemiah at 448 B.C.

The sixty nine weeks: This is one of the most incredible, yet clear, time prophecies in the Bible. Seven times 7 plus 62 times 7 equals 69 times 7, or 483 years. There is one more week to complete the seventy described in the verses immediately below. The whole period of 490 years is thus divided: (7 X 7) + (62 X 7) + (1 X 7) = 490. The 69 weeks bring you to the advent of the Messiah. It is not proper to separate the last week from the prophecy to a future date just as the first seven weeks are not to indicate a period unconnected with the 490 years. The violence this does to the prophecy is explained below. This 69 week statement says that from the commandment to restore and build Jerusalem to the appearance of the Messiah will be 483 years. We choose the date from the decree to Ezra contemporary with Nehemiah the builder because this accomplished the spiritual return with the cleansing of the priesthood and because of the incredible fulfillment. From 456 B.C. (the decree to Ezra) the 483 years will extend to 27 A.D. (456 + 27 = 483) Jesus was born 4 B.C. He would have been 1 in 3 B.C., 2 in 2 B.C., 3 in 1 B.C. and 27 years later in 27 A.D. he would have been 30 years old. This is the exact year of his baptism when he was anointed (Acts 10:38), that is, when he became the Messiah. He did not become the Messiah when he was born. He has always been the Son of God but he became the Messiah when he was anointed. This incredible prophecy numbers the exact time period from the most important commandment to restore Jerusalem to Jesus' anointing by the Holy Spirit when he was baptized.

One day equals one year: It is from this prophecy that the day-year principle is derived. One day in prophetic language is equal to one year in the fulfillment.

Troublous times: The books of Ezra and Nehemiah record the long period of difficulties met in accomplishing the completion of the city. The 7 weeks or 49 years refer to this period beginning with 456 B.C. then the 62 weeks follow, or 434 years of waiting until the appearance of Messiah. It is the accuracy of this time prophecy which has caused Talmudic Jews to place Daniel in the writings rather than the prophets in the Jewish division of the Old Testament.

9:26 And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and to the end of the war desolations are determined.

After: the 483 years of waiting--how long after is specified below. The important prediction is that Messiah will not be cut off for himself but will die for others. Quite a prophetic statement, isn't it?

After - destroy the city: Here the future destruction of Jerusalem, after the Messiah has been cut off, is foretold, but not how long after. It extends beyond the period, and the exact time of the destruction of the city (end of the war, desolations, etc.) is not given in the prophecy. We know the people of the prince (the Romans) did come and destroy the city and temple in 70 A.D. after the 483 years. The concept is that as a result of the cutting off of the Messiah the people of the prince will come to destroy the temple that has now been abandoned by God. In that sense it was already desolate when Titus destroyed it in 70 A.D. Titus did not make it desolate; Jesus made it desolate.

9:27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

He shall confirm: "He," the Messiah will confirm the covenant. Not the prince who destroys the city. This latter is the violent method of interpretation offered by premillenial scholars. With their interpretation the prophecy ceases to be a 490 year prophecy, as the seventieth week is yet to come. Incredibly they see the last seven years of the history of the world and Antichrist. But this is a 70 week prophecy, The last week refers to the seven years following 27 A.D., or it is not a 70 week prophecy.

Jesus confirmed the covenant: We would hope to find a fulfillment of the confirmation of the covenant that would extend not only to Pentecost but to the conversion of the Gentiles in Cornelius' house. It does not go so far; but 33 A.D. does encompass the conversion of the apostle Paul, the apostle to the Gentiles, and last apostle chosen to be in the foundation of the church; thus in prospect the confirmation of the covenant is complete.

The seventieth week: Messiah came to bring and confirm a New Covenant. That confirmation would be accomplished in the seven years following Jesus' baptism in 27 A.D. The rest of 27 then 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, would make 30 A.D., the midst of the week. It is the year Messiah was cut off, but not for himself, as in verse 26, which is consequently when Jesus made the sacrifice and the oblation non effective. He caused it to cease in effectiveness. Once Jesus died on the cross you can offer lambs by the millions and they have no validity -- they are desolate. Jesus made the Temple worship desolate at the cross and it would remain desolate until that which was already determined was poured out later by the Romans on that which had already been made desolate by Jesus before they got there. What remarkable coincidence in this wonderful 70 week prophecy. No human could have devised this before the events transpired. It is a faith-building prophecy.

Prophetic conclusions: Besides the marvelous coincidence of the prophetic words in this chapter, one can note the following conclusions as well:

1. The premillenial interpretation is forced and does violence to the natural divisions in the prophecy. As in Daniel 2 the feet must be cut off the image and placed 1500 years away from the ankles, or the toes must be pictured as more than twice as long as the statue; (see diagram below) so here too, the final week must be separated from the rest of the fulfilled prophecy waiting, yet unfulfilled, how many more years beyond the now 1,900 plus already passed? It is hardly a 70 week prophecy is it? Such a system of interpretation has to be wrong.
2. The validity of one day equals one year in prophetic symbolism is established.
3. The 1260 days, 42 months, 3 years, time, times and half a time of Daniel and Revelation all refer not to a literal 3 and years but to 1,260 years. Other time prophecies in Revelation are to be understood the same way. That is, one day in prophecy equals one year in the fulfillment.
(End of Miller's article)

Fred Miller's view expressed above is held by many, if not all, of the early church writers. The quotations are archived at www.preteristarchive.com/StudyArchive/d/daniel_seventy-weeks.html
 
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